The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India is an authority, established by the Constitution under Constitution of India Article 148, which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. The CAG is also the external auditor of … Read moreThe Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India

Lower Judiciary

1. Panchayat courts are the lowest courts having both civil as well as criminal jurisdictions (only for petty cases in some states). Their nomenclature in different states is Nyaya Panchayat, Panchayat Adalat, Gram Kutchery.  2. Above them are Munsif courts and above them are subordinate judges (who have unlimited jurisdiction over civil suits irrespective of amount … Read moreLower Judiciary

Supreme Court of India – Composition, Appointments and Jurisdiction

The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review. Consisting of the Chief Justice of India and 30 other judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions. Composition Supreme … Read moreSupreme Court of India – Composition, Appointments and Jurisdiction

Panchayat and Panchyat Raj Institutions.

Panchayats (Part IX – Art 243) A gram panchayat is the cornerstone of a local self-government organisation in India of the panchayati raj system at the village or small-town level and has a sarpanch as its elected head. The failed attempts to deal with local matters at the national level caused, in 1992, the reintroduction … Read morePanchayat and Panchyat Raj Institutions.

Jammu and Kashmir Constitutional Provision

Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India, it is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with China in the north and east, and the Line of Control separates it from the Pakistani-administered … Read moreJammu and Kashmir Constitutional Provision

Emergency Provision

HoP = House of People or Lok SabhaCoS = Council of State of Rajya Sabha CoM = Council of Mnister The term Emergency is not described in constitution or any statue but the proclaimation of emergency has been provided under the Constitution of India.  Proclamation, continuation, discontinuation President and cabinet provisions: (a) Art 352 emergency can be proclaimed even before … Read moreEmergency Provision