National Backward Classes Commission
- It has been given the mandate of examining requests for inclusion of any class of citizens as a backward class and hear complaints of over-inclusion or under-inclusion in such lists and tender advice to the Government.
National Commission for Scheduled Castes
- To monitor the safeguards provided for the SCs and to evaluate the working of such safeguards.
- To inquire into specific complaints.
- To advise on the planning process for SC development and to evaluate the progress of their development.
- While investigating into matters, it has the powers of a civil court trying a suit. Such powers include:
- Summoning and enforcing the attendance and examine him under oath.
- Requiring the discovery and production of any documents.
- Receiving evidence on affidavits.
- The Commission has offices in 12 States/UTs, which enables it to have a wide perspective.
- The Commission is organized around four wings which look after administration, safeguards, atrocities and rights violations, and economic and social development respectively.
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
- The NCST functions through units which look after administration, coordination, socio-economic development, safeguards and atrocities. It has six regional offices which provide it with a regional perspective.